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{{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=Philomachus pugnax -Diergaarde Blijdorp-8c.jpg|size=250px|sizedefault=frameless|upright=1|alt=Two male Ruff in breeding plumage each with prominent neck feathers, white underparts, and flanks blotched with black. One has a white neck collar of feathers and the other has a colour that is almost entirely very dark brown.}}
Males in breeding plumage in the Netherlands
{{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=Ruff female RWD.jpg|size=250px|sizedefault=frameless|upright=1|alt=}}
Breeding female
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Philomachus
Merrem, 1804
Species: P. pugnax
Binomial name
Philomachus pugnax
(Linnaeus, 1758)
{{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=Philomachuspugnaxmap.png|size=250px|sizedefault=frameless|upright=1|alt=Generally Ruffs migrate north and breed in the northern hemisphere from about May to August, and generally at the end of the breeding season they migrate south and spend several months the Sub-Tropics before migrating north again}}
      Breeding summer visitor
      Present all year
      Non-breeding range

Calidris pugnax




Locality lists

Torrens Island

See also


  1. {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}

External links